Jevon's Win10 Chapter 7



Key Terms Definitons
Active Directory Active Directory stores information about objects on the network and makes this information easy for administrators and users to find and use.
Cumulative Patch Cumulative updates are updates that bundle multiple updates, both new and previously released updates.
Disk Cleanup Disk Clean-up is a computer maintenance utility included in Microsoft Windows designed to free up disk space on a computer's hard drive.
Firewall a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.
Hotfix A hotfix or quick-fix engineering update is a single, cumulative package that includes information that is used to address a problem in a software product.
Malicious Software Malware is any software intentionally designed to cause disruption to a computer, server, client, or computer network, leak private information, gain unauthorized access to information or systems, deprive users access to information or which unknowingly interferes with the user's computer security and privacy.
Out-Of-Band Patch An out-of-band patch is a patch released at some time other than the normal release time.
Security Update A widely released fix for a product-specific, security-related vulnerability.
Signature A digital file attached to an email or other electronic document that uses encryption and decryption algorithms to verify the document's origin and contents.
Task Scheduler The Task Scheduler is a tool included with Windows that allows predefined actions to be automatically executed whenever a certain set of conditions is met.
Trojan Horse Trojan horse is a program downloaded and installed on a computer that appears harmless, but is, in fact, malicious.
Virus a type of malicious code or program written to alter the way a computer operates and is designed to spread from one computer to another.
Windows 10 Enterprise Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) a specialized edition of Windows 10 Enterprise that promises the longest intervals between feature upgrades of any version of the operating system.
Windows Firewall a Microsoft Windows application that filters information coming to your system from the Internet and blocking potentially harmful programs.
Windows Registry a database of information, settings, options, and other values for software and hardware installed on all versions of Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Worm a type of malware whose primary function is to self-replicate and infect other computers while remaining active on infected systems.
Action a command used in computer programming languages that perform actions such as opening a file and saving a file.
Critical Update A broadly released fix for a specific problem that addresses a critical, non-security-related bug in computer software.
Current Branch (CB) servicing This is the latest version of Windows and is called Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted), this version receives all upgrades (new versions) and updates (patches) from Microsoft within a few days of their release.
Disk Defragmenter a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase data access speed by rearranging files stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations, a technique called defragmentation.

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